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ocTac Pham Mi cua Ngo The Vinh:

CU LONG CAN DONG,

BIEN ONG DAY SONG

 

o Hai Minh

 

 

LTS: o Hai Minh la mot cay viet quen thuoc tren bao Bach Khoa trc 1975, chuyen khao ve lch s va van minh Cham. Se xuat ban nay mai: Dan Toc Champa: Hanh trnh Tm ve Coi Nguon. Xuat than Hoc Vien Quoc Gia Hanh Chanh va tot nghiep M.A. ai Hoc Kansas, Hoa Ky. Ln len miet Hau Giang Chau oc nen rat am tng ve he sinh thai ong Bang Song Cu Long.

 

 

Mua Nc Len & Mua nc git

tai vung chau tho song Cu Long

 

Trong nhieu thap nien trc ay, ngi dan vung chau tho song Cu Long, tc Mekong, a quen song vi nan ngap lut hang nam nh la mot hien tng thien nhien en eu an theo chu ky, nen nha ca doc hai ben song rach thng cat theo kieu nha san, va chieu cao cua cac cay cot san thng c tnh toan va cho khong ngap lut nen nha. Ch tr nhng nam Thn th hau nh a thanh thong le, mc nc dang cao hn, nha nha eu san sang song nhng ngay nc ngap san, phai ke cao ging len e ngu, ch en ngay mc nc ha xuong (ngi a phng goi la nc git) gia nh con cai mi tr lai nen nep sanh hoat bnh thng. Do o, tai vung chau tho song Mekong, gii bnh dan thng quen va bnh tnh song va chu ng vi cai goi la mua nc len thay v mua lu lut nh mien Bac hoac mien Trung, nh c pho bien sau nay.

Dau hieu bao mua nc len tai vung chau tho song Mekong chu yeu la vao khoang thang 8 am lch, tng gie luc bnh hoac rau muong, oi khi choan ca chieu rong con song, nguyen t cac canh ong tren at Cam Bot b nc ngap, troc goc, noi uoi nhau troi chat song theo dong nc xuong en phan at Viet Nam. Mc nc t t dang cao roi tran qua cac b song rach, lam ngap cac canh ong, cho nen vung chau tho co loai lua sa, tang trng theo mc nc dang cao co khi en 7, 8 thc, va khi nc git kho rao, than cay lua nam rap mnh tren at ch gat.

e tiet giam ap lc nc o xuong, ngi ta a ao mot he thong kinh chang cht tai vung chau tho song Mekong ong thi khai thac tac dung ra phen cho vung at mi e canh tac.

en mua nc len, ngi ta phai canh chng o mc nc hang gi e bao ong kp thi khi mc nc vt qua mc bnh thng cac nam trc. Khi ap lc nc t thng nguon bt i, th mc nc lien ng lai va ha xuong rat nhanh cho nen trong bnh dan goi la nc git Ngi ta noi nc git, v mc nc ha xuong trong thay ro tng phut tng gi.

Nc len va nc git, tuy nhien, khong dien ra ong eu cung mot luc. Tren dong nc cuon cuon chay ra cac ca bien, he vung Chau oc nc git xuong th vung Can Th, Vnh Long, v.v. ha lu nc lai bat au dang len, ngap tran b, tran ong, roi cung lai ha xuong, giong nh hien tng xay ra trong bnh thong nhau.

Cung vi con nc uc ngau mang theo phu sa, cac loai ca loi theo vao ruong ong e trng, cho en thi ky nc git th loai nc co vang xam t trong ong ruong chay ra, vo so ca con luc nhuc tng an, nht la loai ca linh, theo nhau ua tran tr ra cac kinh rach e ra song ln, cho nen doc theo cac kinh rach nay, ngi ta ong ay bat ca, co thi iem ca ro, li khong chu noi phai gi len tha cho i bt; bang khong th se b lung li.

Vi mua nc len va mua nc git nh vay, he sinh thai vung chau tho song Cu Long c can bang mot cach t nhien, va he nam nao mc nc dang len cao qua mc bnh thng th ngi dan thng n gian ngh la do thien tai ngoai tam voi cua con ngi.

Hien tng can bang sinh thai t nhien o khong con na, t khi dan so vung ong Bang Song Cu Long tang cao do viec thiet lap cac khu nh c tiep on dan cac vung khac en sanh song, nhieu ni ap b ngan gi nc trong lua ngan ngay gia tang san lng. Ngay xa, cac the he tien nhan en lap nghiep thng chon cac khu at go, tai ong Bang Song Cu Long, goi la at giong, nen en mua nc len, cac canh ong bat ngat co bay thang canh bien thanh bien nc menh mong, th at giong nay van la cac khu an toan cho ngi dan va ca cho cac loai ran. Ngc lai, trong vai thap nien qua, cac khu nh c mi thng ch nham vao cac vung at co ieu kien cho ong bao canh tac, nen khi en mua nc dang len, co ni phai ngap sau xuong ca 2, 3 thc nc, nen cai ma gii bnh dan thng quen goi la thien tai han nhien phai nang ne va tac hai nhieu hn. Ngoai ra, ieu ma cac nha moi trng hoc a ln tieng keu gao nhieu nhat trong nhng nam gan ay la nan chat cay pha rng ba bai; nhng rng cay xanh um t xa mang chc nang gi lai trong long at mot lng nc quan trong cac au nguon th nay khong con na hoac a bien thanh qua la tha, nen nc ma xuong th c thang chay ra, lam tang khoi lng nc ngoai dong song va han nhien mc nc song phai dang cao khi ma nhieu thng nguon.

 

Cu Long Can Dong,

mot nghch ly?

 

Nha van Ngo The Vinh va cho ra i mot tac pham mi nhan e kha hap dan: Cu Long Can Dong, Bien ong Day Song do Nha Xuat Ban Van Nghe an hanh, a c cac gii than hu, nht la Nhom Ban Song Cu Long tiep on vi rat nhieu phan khi nh la mot ong gop ln cho sanh hoat bao ve moi trng.

Nhng mot cau hoi co the c neu len ngay la lieu nhan e tac pham nh co tiem an mot cai g nghch ly hay khong? Bi le mot ang, mc nc o at dang cao va dong nc song Mekong chay siet t Cam Bot xuong phan at Viet Nam, trong cuoi thang 9 va au thang 10 nam 2000 va qua a lam cuon troi nhieu nha ca ke ca cac nha san doc theo cac kinh rach, a gay chet hn 300 nhan mang, cac cong ong ngi Viet hai ngoai, theo tinh than tng than tng tr gia ong bao ruot tht, ang vat va va tch cc to chc quyen gop cu tr, tac pham cua Ngo the Vinh lai neu len s can dong, co ngha la dong Cu Long khong con nc chay na, th ngha la sao?

S thc, nan ngap lut khien nc tran b, tran ong tai ong bang Song Cu Long do lng nc don dap t tren thng nguon o xuong la mot hien tng xay ra hang nam theo chu ky nht nh, va keo dai trong mot thi gian mot hai thang la cung. Trong trng ky, trai lai, khong phai ch la van e tran ngap nc na, ma la van e mc nc dong song Mekong co khuynh hng ngay cang ha xuong, se a dan en nguy c can kiet, mot nguy c tac hai quy mo kho lng, kho ma chan ng c, va giai phap khong con co the la tch cc quyen gop cu tr nht thi na.

Khuynh hng can kiet nc, trc mat, sau nhng ngay nc tran ong theo chu ky hang nam, a c cac nha khoa hoc ghi nhan hien tng vung nc nhiem man t cac ca Song Tien Song Hau ang ngay cang lan sau vao noi a, va dau hieu la cac loai ca chuyen song vung nc l a bat au c phat hien mot so vung trc ch co cac loai ca nc ngot sanh song. Nan nhiem man khong nhng ch dien ra tai cac dong song ma con tham vao long at khien cac gieng nc ngot ao trong cac vung sau ben trong cung se khong con s dung c. Tren cac vung nc nhiem man han nhien se khong con cac giong lua truyen thong na, va ieu tai hai ang e doa trong tng lai la cho en nay, cha co mot giong lua nao c tao c trong cac phong th nghiem co the thch ng vi vung at nhiem man ca. Nh vay, lieu Viet Nam co the con gi c san lng gao xuat cang vao hang nh the gii nh hien nay hay khong? Va trong lau dai, neu tnh hnh xau i hn na, lieu ngi dan Viet trong nc se con u gao e an hay khong? o la nhng cau hoi chu yeu ma tac gia vi mot thu thuat van phap ky dieu a lan a ngi oc phai quan tam tm hieu them.

Nguyen nhan hien tng can dong cua song Mekong co the c tm thay trc mat khong phai trong thien tai, ma trong chnh tac ong cua con ngi. e tranh thu ngoi len, moi nc nam tren dong chay cua song Mekong - tat ca eu la nhng nc ang phat trien - eu cung muon lam sao t san xuat nhieu nang lng chng nao hay chng nay, e s dung vao cong cuoc phat trien kinh te trong o, nen ky nghe c at u tien hang au. Giac m phat trien nay a va ang thuc ay cac nc nam tren dong chay cua song Mekong ua nhau hnh thanh cac d an thiet lap va xay dng nhng ap nc, lap at cac nha may thuy ien, tao ra nguon nang lng than trang, nguon nang lng gia re nen tng oi hap dan do khong le thuoc vao viec nhap cang dau t cac nc ngoai hao ton ngoai te.

Theo cong phap quoc te, gia cac nc co lanh tho lien nhau eu co phan nh bien gii quoc gia bat buoc cong dan va hang hoa t nc nay sang nc kia phai tuan theo mot so ieu kien; rieng ve nc tren con song th c theo dong ma chay xuoi ch khong co g han che ca. Tuy nhien, t khi ky thuat thiet lap cac ap nc c thc hien, oi hoi phai ngan va chuyen dong song e a nc vao cac ho cha d tr khong lo, c tnh toan eu an thao ra theo lng hoach nh, dung van hanh cac turbin khong lo lam ra ien.

Hau qua trc mat cua cong cuoc chuyen dong e d tr lng nc cho rieng quoc gia mnh, han nhien, chang nhng lam bien oi dong chay thien nhien ma con lam giam khoi lng nc chay xuoi dong bnh thng t thng nguon ra bien ca nh t bao the ky nay. Ve mat nay, ai cung ro, Trung Quoc la nc co li the hn ca do lanh tho nam v tr au nguon cua song Mekong, va tren thc te, Trung Quoc, t vai thap nien qua, a triet e khai thac v tr toi thuan li cua mnh e xay dng mot loat cac con ap bac them, bat ke quyen li cua cac nc ha lu. Ke tiep, theo th t, cac nc Mien ien, Thai Lan, Lao roi Cam Bot, va Viet Nam la nc nam cuoi nguon han nhien phai chu thiet hn ca.

Theo nhng ieu trnh bay tren, s ra i cua tac pham Cu Long Can Dong, Bien ong Day Song thoat nhan th thay hnh nh la mot nghch ly, trc nan lu lut hoanh hanh tai vung chau tho song Cu Long, day len nhng phong trao ram ro cu lut trong cac cong ong ngi Viet hai ngoai. Nhng khi at van e dong song Mekong trong mot boi canh quy mo toan vung va trong lau dai co nguy c can kiet, th tac pham, noi chung, phan anh mot no lc thu hut moi ngi quan tam en mot ngay mai, xay dng mot vien tng ung an ve a ly chanh tr hoc (geopolitics) m rong tam nhn mang tnh chien lc soi sang tiem nang kha dung cung nhng mat han che, nht la cua cac nc nam ha lu, trong viec khai thac nguon nc song Mekong phuc vu phat trien kinh te, trc chanh sach ngao man nc ln cua Trung Quoc tren thng nguon.

 

Cu Long can Dong,

Bien ong day Song

 

Trong boi canh ke tren va qua cach trnh bay, ngi oc co the nhan ra ngay, tac pham Cu Long Can Dong, Bien ong Day Song, day 646 trang, khong phai la tac pham thuoc dang tieu thuyet hay truyen nh May Bao, Bong em, Gio Mua, Vong ai Xanh, Mat Tran Sai Gon a xuat ban trc ay, nguyen a tao nen mot the ng vng chac c ne trong cho Ngo The Vinh trong van gii trong nhng nam qua.

Ve cau truc, sach c phan chia thanh 23 chng cong them nhng trang Li Dan Nhap, mot phan Phu luc ve Ky Hoa oan Tham Hiem Song Mekong 1866-1873, va oan Thay Li Ket nhng trang cuoi cung.

cuoi oan Dan Nhap, tac gia ghi Ca Mau Nam Can 11/99, thoat nhan, co the lam ngi oc khong am tng, hieu lam, cho la tac pham xuat x t trong nc. Thc s, a danh Ca Mau - Nam Can ch phan anh qua trnh hnh thanh tac pham bao gom ca chuyen i khao sat thc a tan trong nc the hien qua nhng hnh anh rat phong phu, song ong in sau moi chng sach, ben canh nhng hnh anh cua nhng thi xa xa noi len nhng cuoc tra cu t lieu rat cong phu, oi hoi nhieu thi gian vat chat, ghi lai nhng nguon tham khao van tng a b dong thi gian chon sau vao quen lang.

e tien cho ngi oc theo doi va v tr hoa cac s kien lch s ve con song Mekong, ngay phan au, tac gia a can than lap ra bang ke cac nien bieu trai rong qua 7 quoc gia, t the ky th I mai en nam 2000 la nam hoan thanh cay cau My Thuan bac qua Song Tien, gi len mot tam nhn khoang at, bao quat ch khong nht thiet gii han trong mot khung a ly thu hep mot a phng.

Tac pham Cu Long Can Dong, Bien ong Day Song c hnh thanh theo mot the tai kha ly thu va oc ao. Theo giai bay cua Ngo The Vinh trong Li Dan Nhap, th ay khong thuan tuy la mot cuon tieu thuyet fiction c hieu nh la mot san pham cua tng tng, nhng la dang d kien tieu thuyet faction: fact & fiction vi mot so nhan vat van hoc va phan d phong la h cau e cung vi ngi oc i ti nhng vung at, ni co con song Mekong hung v chay qua...

Mo thc d kien tieu thuyet la mot sang tao oc ao, duy nht, cua nha van Ngo The Vinh, chac chan se c on nhan mot so tranh luan, m ra nhng cuoc trao oi se rat ly thu trong van hoc sau nay.

Hnh nh dung y cua tac gia, chu yeu nham khi len van e t chi tiet tao nen mot khung ly luan, a ngi oc vao mot so tnh huong phai suy ngh, phai quan tam en mot chu e bao quat ln lao hn bao trum toan bo tac pham: dong song Mekong di tac ong tai hai cua cac cong trnh thuy ien, moi nc da vao chu quyen quoc gia c tuy tien xay dng, hau het ch tap chu vao san lng ien nang, xem nhe hoac xem nh khong co cac tac hai lau dai ve moi sinh, nhng te trang ve moi mat ma ngi dan trong vung phai ganh chu. Ngo The Vinh khong ong khung van e trong noi vi mot nc, ma con canh giac ve cac tac hai cua tiep can theo loi khep kn ong ca rut cau nay. Ngoai ra, Ngo The Vinh con lam hien ro moi e doa co hu cua nc ln Trung Quoc au nguon ang lanh lung hanh ong khong che cac nc ha lu, ve mat s dung lng nc, ve cac chat thai ky nghe am tham chay xuong t tnh Van Nam ni thng nguon...

Moi chng sach c at ten oi khi nghe rat thi v nhe nhang nhng thc chat la khai trien mot e tai gi len cho ngi oc rat nhieu xuc cam phe phan gay gat. Chang han nh Chng XIV ghi la Chuyen Tau L Tren Song Mekong Va Con Ca uoi Trong Tnh ong Thap, thc s noi dung la vach tran mot cach tham tha thai o thien can cua nhng vien chc chanh quyen Cong San co trach nhiem a khong cap phep cho nha tham hiem bien sau ngi Phap, hau nh oc nhat vo nh, noi tieng tren the gii la Jacques-Yves Cousteau, xin mang chiec tau ngam tham hiem ty hon Calypso i ngc dong Mekong thu thap d kien khoa hoc. Jacques-Yves Cousteau nay a qua i nen Viet Nam a mat i c hoi bang vang e bo sung phan hieu biet khoa hoc von a ngheo nan ve he sinh thai con song Mekong!

Chng XXII mang ten Tm Ve Phng ong a ang Lai anh Mat kheu gi oc to mo cua ngi oc, e lan theo cac trang sach, t t phat hien ra a ang chnh la nen van hoa co thi ong Nam A, vi nhng d kien mi c kham pha gan ay, nhng khu rng ma tren Cam Bot, he thong thuy li va giao thong tren vung Oc Eo chau tho song Mekong.

T chng nay sang chng khac, tac gia a lan a ngi oc i qua cac vung at cac nen van minh nhng ni con song Mekong chay qua, bat au t vung au nguon Tay Tang roi sang Van Nam Mien ien, qua Thai Lan, di chuyen qua Khu Tam Giac Vang va lanh tho Lao vi Canh ong Chum. T nhng ngay Singapore, tac gia a a ngi oc ve at Cam Bot vi Canh ong Chet thi Pol Pot, roi mi quay ve vi vung at me Viet Nam khon kho, en Ben Tre, Cai Be, en vung Tram Chim Tam Nong am lay roi, roi tr qua at Lao, Cam Bot, i vao vung Bien Ho Tonle Sap ky thu, roi lai quay tr ve Nam Viet Nam... Moi chng la mot e tai c neu len va phan tch theo nhng goc canh tiep can vo cung phong phu va a dang, khong chng nao giong chng nao ca. Tuy khac nhau ve tnh tiet, nhng gia cac chng, nh tac gia a trnh bay, c gan lien bang mot dong t tng nhat quan, ve len nhng bc tranh thng la en toi e nang len dong song Mekong do tham trang cac nc ua nhau thc hien cac cong trnh xay dng ap van hanh cac nha may thuy ien, chan gi nc va lam o nhiem lng nc t thng nguon.

Trong qua trnh trien khai noi dung tng chng, tac gia thng tan dung c hoi cung ng nhng d kien va thong tin quy bau, c minh hoa bang cac hnh anh song ong cua nhieu thap nien trc ve lch s, ve van hoa hoac van minh co thi a phng, nh Phu Nam, Oc Eo, Champa, Tay Tang... Qua cac trang sach va hau nh a thanh mot quan tnh co the nhan thay ro, khong e cap th thoi, nhng he i vao mot van e nao, Ngo The Vinh hau nh i vao rat sau, cung ng rat nhieu d kien, nhieu bang chng ly thu, thuc ay ngi oc cang oc cang thch thu, en mot oan nao o, co the nh quen ng ve. Tuy nhien, trong luc tien ti say me nh vay, va co khi a thay va u lieu lng, Ngo The Vinh, nhieu oan sach,co the ot ngot be tay lai sang lane chp nhoang chuyen sang mot van e khac khong co chut bn rn nao ca. Trong mot phut giay nao o, ngi oc bat ng b cam thay nh hut hang, chi vi i vao mot van e khac. Va moi lan nh vay, ngi oc khong the lam g khac hn la t t lat ngc lai cac trang a qua, e he thong hoa lai noi dung, trc khi thng thc tiep cac trang sach. Chng o, ngi oc mi cam thay c but phap ieu luyen cua tac gia va xac nh ro, tac pham Cu Long Can Dong, Bien ong Day Song ung nh c ghi nhan la ay ap t lieu co gia tr lch s va ca giao duc na, khong the oc phn pht e thng thc nh la mot quyen tieu thuyet bnh thng c.

Chnh trong nhng ieu kien ke tren, mi noi bat len va nh in sau vao tam tr ngi oc nhng s kien lch s cua mot thi xa xa ma ngi ta khong the quen c ve con song Mekong, chang han nh thong tin ve chuyen i tham hiem cua Francis Garnier, Doudard de Lagree ngc dong song Mekong e tm thuy lo giao thng t Sai Gon sang Trung Hoa; ve so phan tieu vong cua loai ca hiem Pla Beuk, Dolphin tren dong song Mekong... Thong tin ly thu nht co le la mac dau con song Mekong c ve tren moi ban o the gii, nhng ch mi ay thoi, ch vao nam 1994, ngi ta mi chanh thc xac nh c toa o chnh xac iem khi nguon cua song Mekong ni mot a iem hoang vang nht cua cao nguyen Trung A.

Nh ten tac pham a phan nh, ro rang co hai ve chu yeu c e ra ay. Ve Cu Long Can Dong la tieng keu canh giac ve nguy c xay en trong mot tng lai gan ke cho dong song Mekong khi moi quoc gia nam tren dong song ch nham nhu cau phat trien nguon thuy ien c tiep tuc xay dng ap, khong cu xet ung mc cac hau qua tai hai ve moi sinh cho dan chung trong vung va ca dan chung cac quoc gia vung ha lu.

Ngo The Vinh ng tren quan iem moi sinh, nen neu van e nang ve kha canh nhan ban, oi hoi nhng nguon li kinh te, tren cap bac quoc gia, thu thap c do cac con ap khong the hy sinh qua ang ve nhng ieu kien song bnh thng cua ngi dan trong vung c.

Nhan dp nay, tac gia a thang than ven len bc man huyen thoai lau i cua cac nh che quoc te chuyen trach tai tr cac d an phat trien, cu the la Ngan Hang The Gii World Bank, Ngan hang Phat Trien A Chau _ Asian Development Bank , thng thay thuan li hn khi hp tac vi cac chanh quyen oc tai a phng, vien le cac chanh quyen nay co u ieu kien duy tr on nh chanh tr can thiet e tien hanh cac d an xay ap, luon luon oi hoi phai to chc di chuyen dan chung song trong vung b chon sau di khoi nc d tr cac ho cha.

Trong van e dong song Mekong, mot nc Trung Hoa to ln ang ng tr thng nguon, oc quyen nam the thng phong, lang le xay dng hang loat ap thuy ien bac them, bien cac oan dong song Mekong thanh o nhiem qua mc do chat thai cua cac nha may ky nghe nam doc theo b song, ma khong co mot bien phap x ly nao ca; Viet Nam va Cam Bot la cac nc nam di vung ha lu han nhien se phai lanh u cac hau qua o nhiem nay.

e c t do hanh ong cho quyen li rieng mnh, Trung Quoc luon luon ne tranh, khong bao gi muon thanh hoi vien Uy Hoi Song Mekong, va ay co the la mot phat hien ky thu cua tac pham, t c d luan the gii quan tam: Trung Quoc a cho pha v cac khoi a khong lo e tao ra mot dong song chay xuong en at Lao. Khuynh hng ba quyen cua Trung Quoc a c cung co them do bi chu trng banh trng lanh tho vung Bien ong c tac gia phan tch tai chng XV la chng mang ten c dung lam ten tac pham: Cu Long Can Dong, Bien ong Day Song, ac biet trien khai ve th 2 cua ten sach (Bien ong Day Song) ham y nhac en bien co Hoang Sa (Paracel) nam 1974 va Trng Sa (spratly) nam 1988 vet thng han sau kho lanh cua moi ngi dan Viet - t o, ghi nhan nhng kha canh cua chu trng ba quyen cua Trung Quoc trong vung ong Nam A. Trong boi canh ay e doa ve lanh tho va lanh hai ngoai Bien ong, nhan vat Ho (trang 476) chac han a lam nhieu ngi oc bang hoang khi khang nh: T hn mot thap nien qua, viec n phng chuyen quyet tien hanh xay chuoi 7 con ap bac them khong lo Van Nam, tren thc te Trung Quoc a phat ong mot cuoc chien tranh moi sinh khong tuyen chien vi 5 nc nc ha nguon song Mekong. Nhng oi lai va gi nh tinh than bat khuat cua moi ngi dan Viet Nam, Ngo The Vinh a cho ghi au chng cac van th canh cao bat hu cua Ly Thng Kiet: Nam quoc sn ha Nam e c, Tiet nhien nh phan tai thien th...

Nh tac gia xac nh, cac nhan vat trong tac pham eu thuoc phan h cau, nhng loi xay dng h cau cua Ngo The Vinh thc s a tao cam giac nh phang phat au ay hnh anh, phong cach mot so mau nhan vat co that ngoai i. o la ong Khac, mot nha bao lao thanh, cong tac vi t bao My chuyen trach cac e tai ve ong Nam A va Viet Nam; Cao thuoc Nhom Ban Cu Long thng xuat hien nhieu trong cac chng sach, phat bieu tam nhn bao quat co gia tr chien lc lau dai ve moi sinh; Duy la mot thanh nien goc Bac, ln len trong Nam, tot nghiep ai hoc My, co nhieu cong trnh ang tap san y khoa noi tieng, ben canh co Be T, mot co gai thong minh sau sac, nhng rat chnh chan, c Ngo The Vinh em them mot vai net phac hoa tnh cam vi Duy e gay chut th mong trong cau chuyen dong song Mekong...

Cac nhan vat nay tao thanh chat ket dnh cac s kien, c gan vao cac vai tro dan than v moi sinh, tham quan, tham d cac hoi ngh, trao oi... c tac gia long vao nhng phat bieu sau sac, chng to tham quyen trong lanh vc chuyen mon co lien quan, khi th mang tnh nhan nh hoac quan iem, khi th phe phan can thiet trong cac tnh huong thch hp lien quan en dong song Mekong. Nhng nhan nh va phe phan nay thng nhe nhang trong phong cach lch s tr thc, nhng khi can th cung rat khe khat, chang han nh oi vi cuoc tham sat quy mo thi Pol Pot, chu trng cap duon thi Lon Nol Cam Bot nhng mat tieu cc cua chanh sach oi Mi tai Viet Nam, hau qua tieu ma cho Tram Chim vung Tam Nong, mot so loai vat quy hiem tren the gii co nguy c b diet chung... Ngo The Vinh cho thay a than trong duy tr lieu lng va phai e nhng ngi nhat la nhng chc quyen co lien quan van con lang tai nghe c va e cho noi dung tham thau mot cach t ton theo trnh o hieu biet cua ho.

Co mot ieu gi len cho ngi oc chut xot xa cho at nc Viet Nam trong hoan canh hien tai la cac nhan vat thuoc hang chuyen gia Ngo The Vinh xay dng trong tac pham th hoac thuoc the he lao thanh, hoac the he tre mi vn len, nhng hau het eu t nc ngoai i vao que me. Du vay, tac gia cung a khong e cho ho cam thay nh la nhng ngi xa la tren que hng mnh, bat chap cac thu tuc vun vat, chang han nh phai khai bao vi cong an a phng (chi tiet phien ha nay khong co ghi trong tac pham). en khi sang nc khac tiep xuc vi chuyen vien nh Cham Sak chang han la chuyen vien ang sanh song hanh nghe tai chnh nc Thai Lan chanh goc cua mnh, ho phat bieu mot cach hon nhien tren c s la chuyen gia Viet Nam vi nhiet huyet phuc vu moi sinh, phuc vu at me Viet Nam cua ho.

c trang b von hieu biet ky thuat chuyen mon cung kinh nghiem thu thap nc ngoai, cac nhan vat chuyen gia Viet Nam nay cung mang theo ve nc tam nhn bao quat co tnh chien lc lau dai va phng phap x ly bam sat tinh than oi chieu khoa hoc, han nhien phai khac va oi khi con oi nghch vi ca cach nhn khong t thay la cuc bo cua nhan vat Mi Nhe ma Ngo The Vinh a xay dng phan anh mot cach trung thc tai tnh mau hnh can bo Cong San trung kien co the tm thay nhieu ni tai vung ong Bang Song Cu Long.

Ngay cai ten Mi Nhe cung a gi len chut tnh trao long, ai cung tng rang ong Mi Nhe nay luon luon ...nhe rang ci, nhng s thc, Mi Nhe a c Ngo The Vinh mo ta voc ngi om nho, co nc da sam en hi tai cua ngi thieu mau kinh nien , khuon mat xng xau ve can coi va khac kho... la hnh anh hiem hoi cua nhng ngi Cong San chan chnh con sot lai, trong chc vu Huyen Uy Tam Nong, a tch cc thc thi chanh sach oi mi bang ke hoach ngu nien t phat, nang dan so Huyen len gap oi, mang lai cho ong bao mot i song sung tuc trong mot thi gian ky luc. Ong Mi Nhe a cho chat phat rng tram tha ca, anh ca khong phai ch bang li ma ca bang chat no, bat tat ca ca tom cac c, c nho khong ban th e noi leu beu tren mat nc, ngi dan khong may choc eu kha gia. Nhng hau qua la, dien tch rng tram noi tieng phong phu th nay ch con mot phan ba, ca ngan con hac quy hiem nay ch con khoang 500 con! Mi Nhe vui va hanh dien vi thanh tch vt bc cua mnh trong cong trnh a Huyen nha i len, (tac gia khong co ghi khau hieu tien nhanh tien manh len chu ngha xa hoi) nhng lam sao e a vao au con ngi can bo gia nua va thu cu nay khai niem vung am lay va tram chim la mot kho tang phong phu ve sinh hoc, la cai noi cua chu ky sinh san va tang trng cho nhieu giong ca va cac loai sinh vat khac? Thieu hoc va cuong tn van con la nguyen nhan noi kho khong phai ch tren nhng con ngi ma con vi am chim muong va cay co, mot kha canh cua tham trang cua dong song Cu Long ma Ngo The Vinh a neu len mot cach vo cung tham tha cho nhng ai con co chut suy t.

Ngi ta phat hien ong Mi Nhe co mot a con trai ten Thuan theo hoc tren tnh c Mi Nhe kn ao t hao, nhng b cho la ch biet co sach v, cung bay at noi ti noi lui chuyen tao lao moi sinh moi t. Qua s bao tr cua Be T, Thuan c Hoi Hac Quoc te cap hoc bong du hoc. Theo thi trang, Thuan a chon i My va ang co gang het sc mnh e at mc bat buoc 550 iem mon Anh van, cho nen ngi ta ch trong ch mot lp ngi tre nh Thuan thay the nhng ngi nh Mi Nhe en tuoi phai nam xuong di ay mo, trong tng lai the he tre trong va ngoai nc mi cung chan thanh truyen at cho nhau tren cung mot bang tan, cung ket hp nhau x ly cac van e moi sinh dong song Cu Long ma thoi.

Nhng khong, thi gian ch i ay se co the rat xa, va nhan vat Be T du sao cung ch la mot h cau mang tnh ly tng; ngoai tr la trong dong toc, con th rat kho ma thiet lap quan he gan bo vi Thuan nh the tren thc te c.

Ngo The Vinh a co cach x ly thiet thc va vo cung tuyet dieu e thay oi cach lam ngay cua Mi Nhe: cho mot ong ch t cap trung ng ang kheu gi lai cho Mi Nhe long cam thu, neu ly do mat canh giac ve an ninh quoc phong pha hoai het rng tram la pha hoai chien khu... (trang 200).

 

Qua 645 trang sach, tranh cua Nghieu e, mau ba cua Khanh Trng, Cao Xuan Huy trnh bay noi dung, c minh hoa bang hang loat hnh sinh ong, mot so co gia tr lch s, tac pham Cu Long Can Dong, Bien ong Day Song cua Ngo The Vinh a a ngi oc i t thng nguon Tay Tang, vt qua cac ghenh thac va song gio cua lch s tng quoc gia mi xuong en vung chau tho ra cac ca song toa nc ra bien.

Di the tai theo mo thc d kien tieu thuyet oc ao, duy nht, cua ban than Ngo The Vinh, tac pham qua that a the hien mot cong trnh nghien cu cong phu theo chieu sau can ke cua tng van e neu len, anh dau mot nh cao trong van nghiep Ngo The Vinh. Gia tr can ban cua tac pham la a thanh cong, xuyen qua cac d kien, cung ng nhng thong tin gia tr vo song ve qua kh song gio cua tng khu vc dong song Mekong chay qua, e t o a dan ngi oc lam quen roi tiep can vi cac van e moi sinh c at cho toan vung, va xay dng mot tam nhn chien lc bao quat, thoat khoi nhng vng ban cuc bo a phng ch biet co rieng mnh.

Do thai o ngao man an anh cua Trung Quoc mot mat ran e xam lc mat Bien ong, mot mat nam quyen quan ly khep kn, thao tung au nguon, dong song Mekong ang thc s oi dien vi mot tng lai ay bat trac do nan xay ap khong co ban thao phoi hp, chia xe quyen li hp ly, can bang sinh thai vi cac nc khu vc ha lu.

Tac pham a lam noi bat mot so chu iem, n gian hoa mot so hieu biet chuyen sau, e xay dng y thc chung ve cac tai hoa co kha nang xay en, cu the la nguy c dong song Mekong can kiet, nan nhiem man ang lan dan vao noi a quoc gia ha lu lai chnh la Viet Nam.

Tac pham Cu Long Can Dong, Bien ong Day Song cua Ngo The Vinh giong len tieng chuong bao ong ve cac nguy c ke tren. Mong tieng chuong bao ong nay se vang xa, tap hp mot lc lng nhan s ngay mot ong ao, huy ong tr tue cung gop sc giai quyet cac van e moi sinh chu yeu a c neu len cho dong song Mekong noi chung va cho phan ha lu, chau tho song Cu Long noi rieng tai Viet Nam.

 

 

O HAI MINH

10.17.2000